What Are the Qualifications of a Councilman?

Each jurisdiction sets its own qualifications for councilmen, and common requirements include that the candidate must be a resident and qualified voter in the jurisdiction for at least one year before the election, must be a U.S. citizen, and must reside in the jurisdiction for the term of office. Some jurisdictions require that councilmen be at least 21 years of age.

Both Georgia law and the state's constitution set additional qualifications for councilmen in the state. Councilmen cannot have been convicted of violating election laws, illegally holding public funds or malfeasance in office. They also cannot have any convictions for felonies involving moral turpitude, which Georgia defines as “constituting intentional violation of stature expressing moral judgment of the community against prohibited conduct.”

Baltimore, Maryland, requires that at-large and district city council candidates be at least 21 years of age, residents of Baltimore and registered voters. Candidates running for president of the city council must be at least 25 years of age.

Denver, Colorado, requires city council candidates to obtain 100 verified signatures from registered voters in their district before they can be on the ballot. Councilman-at-large positions require that 300 verified signatures are filed 45 days before the election. Denver's city charter does not set any requirements for councilmen regarding experience or education. Councilmen must be at least 25 years of age, a resident in their districts for at least two years, cannot be a city or county employee, must be current on all taxes and cannot have any business dealings with the city.