The purpose of the State Assembly is to consider legislation proposed for law, approve state budget and initiate legislation on tax and articles of impeachment. This latter function is crucial for ensuring that no branch of state government remains answerable to those it serves and does not abuse power.
The State Assembly may also be known as the House of Delegates or, more commonly, the House of Representatives. The State Assembly is larger than the upper legislative chamber, which is always referred to as the Senate. Nebraska is an exception to this, however, because it has only one legislative chamber.
Impeachment motions typically start in the State Assembly before they are considered by a state's Senate. State budgets, meanwhile, are submitted for legislative review by a state's governor. Proposals for legislation may originate with either the governor or members of the State Assembly or Senate.