The purpose of the Stamp Act Congress was to plan a protest against the recently passed law called the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act Congress, also known as the First Congress of the American Colonies, convened in 1765 in New York. Nine delegates from the Thirteen Colonies attended the meeting.Continue Reading
The delegates who attended the convention drafted a document known as the Declaration of Rights and Grievances that outlined the delegates' beliefs that the British Parliament did not have the power to impose laws on the colonists without their consent or representation. The actions of the Stamp Act Congress and protests from British merchants whose businesses had suffered from the colonists' refusal to pay taxes on imported goods ultimately led to Parliament passing the Declaratory Act. This act stated that Parliament could not make laws that applied to the American colonies. In addition, the Stamp Act was repealed.
The cause of the formation of the Stamp Act Congress — the Stamp Act was passed in 1765. The act required colonists to print materials such as newspapers and legal documents on stamped paper produced in England. Colonists were required to pay a tax on the paper in British currency. The revenue from the Stamp Act was intended to pay for British troops stationed in the colonies.Learn more about Branches of Government
The U.S. Congress meets in the Capitol Building, which is in Washington, D.C. The building lies at the eastern edge of the National Mall and stands atop a small hill known as Capitol Hill.Full Answer >
Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two senators.Full Answer >
There are 535 voting members in the U.S. Congress. Each state elects two senators, while the number of people who represent each state in the U.S. House of Representatives differs based on the state's population. The total number of representatives is set by law at 435; the law has been in place since 1911.Full Answer >
Congress is typically divided into two annual sessions of the Senate. In 2015, the 114th Congress is in the first session, which began on January 6, 2015. The previous, 113th Congress held two sessions: January 3, 2013 to January 3, 2014 and January 3, 2014 to December 16, 2014.Full Answer >