Q:

What is the purpose of political parties?

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Quick Answer

Political parties serve several key purposes, including selecting and running candidates for political office, controlling power gained by other parties and informing citizens on key issues. In the United States, there are two primary political parties: Republican and Democrat. Both parties operate at the local, state and national level, and candidates are elected to hold positions on a regular basis.

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What is the purpose of political parties?
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Full Answer

For upcoming elections at all levels of government, Democratic and Republican parties typically nominate candidates for office. Candidates may also be nominated from other parties, such as the Libertarian Party and the Green Party. Nominees from these political parties are selected by fellow party members and the general public. Most party candidates appeal to certain segments of the population by taking stances on key issues, such as healthcare, religion and the right to life. In addition to running candidates for office, a multiparty political system maintains a balance of political parties by creating a means for parties to check each other. Parties that do not hold majority in Congress typically keep the other competing parties from dominating the political scene by preventing them from taking complete control of government offices. In addition to maintaining a political balance, parties often have clear stances on issues that affect the public, and serve to educate and inform citizens on those matters.

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Related Questions

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    What are some functions of political parties?

    A:

    Some of the functions played by political parties include pre-selection of candidates for political office, providing organizational support for individual candidates and giving a structured channel to people with similar political ideas that allows them to meet and organize. Ultimately, political parties are responsible for the formation and operations of the government.

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    What are the five functions of a political party?

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    The five major functions of a political party are recruitment of candidates, fundraising, campaign support, advocacy of political issues and government organization. The Democrats and Republicans are the dominant political parties in the United States.

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    How does a political party act as a watchdog?

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    In political systems with two or more parties, less powerful parties assume a watchdog role by paying close attention to the actions of the party in power. They quickly bring suspicious behavior to the attention of the public. In this way, less powerful political parties help balance the scales of power.

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    How are political parties organized?

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    Political parties in America are organized at the local level, which includes city and county, the state level and the national level. Most democratic countries have many political parties, but the United States has only two major political parties, Democrats and Republicans.

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