NATO, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, has a main goal of protecting its members' freedom and security through political and military actions. NATO's headquarters is located at Boulevard Leopold III, 1110 Brussels, Belgium.
NATO's goal is to resolve conflict peacefully and diplomatically. If this plan fails, NATO relies on its crisis management plan, which uses military and non-military actions to resolve conflicts.
Decisions made by NATO are done by consensus. Civilian and military experts meet at the NATO headquarters to consult daily to discuss issues and make decisions related to security and freedom.
NATO was formed on April 4, 1949 near the beginning of the Cold War. Since then, NATO
has had a hand in decisions made about partnerships after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the reunification of Europe in the 1990s and security after 9/11. The council has meet in London and Paris in the past, but the current location is in Belgium, as of 2015.
In 2015, there are 28 member countries in NATO including the United States, Spain, Greece, France and the United Kingdom. Membership in NATO is available to European nations that are willing to contribute to the treaty and further add to the security of the North Atlantic part of the world.