The U.S. executive branch’s main purpose is to implement and enforce laws; the executive branch consists of the president, vice president and the president’s cabinet. Other departments and agencies, like the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the United States Postal Service (USPS), are included in the executive branch. This branch is responsible for day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws.Continue Reading
The president has a wide range of powers as the head of the executive branch. These include approval and veto powers over laws, issuance of executive orders and granting pardons to those who commit federal crimes. The president is also commonly the face of the country in international affairs. The vice president aids the president while heading the Senate and takes the place of the president in cases where the president dies, is impeached or is injured or ill.
The Cabinet, which consists of the heads of the 15 main executive departments, enforce and regulate laws. The departments include commerce, defense, education and homeland security, among others. The Cabinet takes care of minor issues that arise and do not need presidential attention, allowing the head of state to focus on more important matters. According to the White House website, the executive branch employs more than 4 million Americans.Learn more about Branches of Government
The legislative branch of the United States government has two leaders: the speaker of the House heads the House of Representatives, and the vice president controls the Senate. The House of Representative has 435 members and the Senate has 100 members, along with the vice president.Full Answer >
The second in command of the executive branch of the U.S. government is the vice president. He is the one who takes over the reigns of government if the president dies, steps down or becomes incapacitated. Although vice-presidential powers are fairly limited otherwise, this duty is critical.Full Answer >
Presidential disability is automatic if the president dies, resigns or is impeached, but in other situations, the vice president and a majority of department secretaries must contact the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, stating the the president is no longer capable of remaining in office. The president can then dispute the charges, if he or she wishes to. A subsequent decision by Congress will determine whether the president will remain in office or not.Full Answer >
The president pro tempore is the senatorial official who serves as president of the Senate when the vice president is absent. President pro tempore means "president for a time."Full Answer >