The U.S. executive branch’s main purpose is to implement and enforce laws; the executive branch consists of the president, vice president and the president’s cabinet. Other departments and agencies, like the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the United States Postal Service (USPS), are included in the executive branch. This branch is responsible for day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws.Continue Reading
The president has a wide range of powers as the head of the executive branch. These include approval and veto powers over laws, issuance of executive orders and granting pardons to those who commit federal crimes. The president is also commonly the face of the country in international affairs. The vice president aids the president while heading the Senate and takes the place of the president in cases where the president dies, is impeached or is injured or ill.
The Cabinet, which consists of the heads of the 15 main executive departments, enforce and regulate laws. The departments include commerce, defense, education and homeland security, among others. The Cabinet takes care of minor issues that arise and do not need presidential attention, allowing the head of state to focus on more important matters. According to the White House website, the executive branch employs more than 4 million Americans.Learn more about Branches of Government
The legislative branch of the United States government has two leaders: the speaker of the House heads the House of Representatives, and the vice president controls the Senate. The House of Representative has 435 members and the Senate has 100 members, along with the vice president.Full Answer >
The second in command of the executive branch of the U.S. government is the vice president. He is the one who takes over the reigns of government if the president dies, steps down or becomes incapacitated. Although vice-presidential powers are fairly limited otherwise, this duty is critical.Full Answer >
According to the 25th Amendment of the Constitution, if the vice president of the United States dies while the president is still in office, the president has the power to appoint a new vice president subject to the approval of both houses of Congress. If both the president and the vice president die, the speaker of the house becomes president, according to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947.Full Answer >
The official presiding officer of the U.S. Senate is the vice president, but a president pro tempore is elected to fulfill the duties when the vice president is not in attendance. The vice president normally does not preside unless he needs to cast the deciding vote on an issue.Full Answer >