Q:

What is the purpose of criminal law?

A:

Quick Answer

The purpose of criminal law is to protect society by facilitating the detection and prosecution of criminal actions while protecting the rights of the accused. Cornell University describes criminal law as the means by which the state prosecutes and punishes individuals charged with violating the law.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

Wikipedia cites five basic theories underpinning the purpose of criminal law. Retribution is one of the most commonly held reasons for criminal law, as it is felt that criminals deserve suffering for having broken the law. Deterrence is another purpose. With deterrence, it is argued, others might be dissuaded from breaking the law after seeing the punishment of convicted persons. Incapacitation is also advanced as a purpose for criminal law. In this sense, the criminal is rendered harmless simply by being removed from society for the duration of the prison term. Rehabilitation is sometimes advocated for those convicted of illegal activities. It is sometimes attempted through job training, remedial education and placement in drug and alcohol treatment programs. Finally, restoration is occasionally cited as a function of the legal system. This principle borrows much from civil law and sees the purpose of criminal courts as encouraging the guilty to make restitution for their crimes.

Learn more about Crime

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the differences between the crime control model and the due process model?

    A:

    The major difference between the crime control model and the due process model of law enforcement is that crime control works to repress criminal activity, and due process works to protect a person's rights. Crime control is more concerned with the community as a whole, and due process places its concern on the individual.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the basic concepts of natural crime?

    A:

    Natural crime occurs when someone breaks a natural law or does something that is considered in a particular society to be inherently wrong. These crimes generally include instances of murder, theft, violent behavior or rape. Anything that goes against mankind's innate sense of an acceptable action can be considered natural crime.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the Second Chance Act for inmates?

    A:

    The Second Chance Act is a law that was enacted in 2008 to help reduce recidivism and improve the chances of a prisoner's success in association with re-entry into society. President George Bush enacted the law during his reign as United States President.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a flight risk?

    A:

    According to US Legal, a "flight risk" is a term used to describe an individual who may leave his local or state jurisdiction to avoid criminal prosecution. If a person is considered a flight risk, the court may increase his bail or prevent his bond.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore