The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, along with amendments that took effect in 2009, grants disabled individuals legal protections comparable to those prohibiting discrimination on the basis of factors such as race and gender, explains Disabled World. The statute also grants disabled individuals equal opportunities in many areas.
The Act defines disabled individuals as those possessing physical or psychological impairments that significantly restrict participation in major life activities, notes Disabled World. Additionally, the statute includes those with a history of disability and individuals who are perceived as physically or mentally impaired by others in its definition of disabled people.
The Act is divided into several sections, each revolving around specific provisions, states Disabled World. ADA Title I focuses on issues pertaining to employment. In general, this section forbids discrimination against disabled people in areas such as job training, compensation, application procedures, hiring and job advancement.
ADA Title II is further divided into two parts, notes Disabled World. The first section focuses on public agencies at the federal, state and local levels and covers matters revolving around policies and building designs intended to improve access for the disabled. The other section requires public transport agencies to provide paratransit services.
ADA Title III prohibits operators of commercial facilities and public accommodations such as hotels and stores from discriminating against the disabled, explains Disabled World. ADA Title IV specifies the nature of services that telecommunication companies should provide to specific categories of disabled people. ADA Title V contains miscellaneous provisions.