The pros of having a republic type of government, include widespread cultivation of civic virtue, increased liberty and just laws, while the cons include mass corruption and government inefficiency. In general, the structure of a republic safeguards people against government abuse better than an autocratic system; however, the dispersion of power makes public action less decisive.Continue Reading
According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, a republic is based on the principles of representative government, citizenship and popular sovereignty. Because the people are the ultimate source of political power and government officials are answerable to both the people and the law, there is a reduced risk of government abuse. The people, acting through their representatives for their self-interest, are more likely than an autocrat to enact just laws that benefit the majority and not only the one or the few.
According to the Center for Civic Education, the opportunity for citizens to participate in government within a republic allows for the population in general to develop publicly beneficial civic virtues like honesty, responsibility, patriotism and duty.
The Center for Civic Education also explains that the problem with a republic is that political decisions become weaker when power is dispersed through many levels: executives, courts, legislatures. Instead of acting as a united whole toward a clear objective, government becomes distracted by the many conflicting purposes of the distinct factions that control the different branches. In addition, there is a danger that the citizens lose sight of the public good and vote according to their personal whims, sacrificing liberty and others' rights in the process.Learn more about Types of Government
In a democracy, the rights of the majority can overwhelm the rights of the minority, whereas in a republic, a constitution or charter protects its citizens with laws that cannot be changed by a simple majority vote.Full Answer >
A constitutional republic is a type of government in which the officials are elected by the people. The republic must govern according to the laws of the constitution, and its actions are subject to judicial review. Although many people consider it a democracy, the United States is actually a constitutional republic.Full Answer >
A federal republic is a type of government made up of smaller areas such as states or provinces where the central government cedes certain powers to the individual areas for self-government purposes. The citizens of the federal republic elect their own representatives to lead them. A true federal republic does not have a reigning monarch.Full Answer >
A republic government is a state in which the ultimate power is vested in the people who vote, and that power is carried out by representatives chosen by the citizens. It is a state in which the government leader is voted upon rather then ascending by inheritance or appointment.Full Answer >