What Are Some Pros and Cons of a Representative Democracy?

Pros of a representative democracy include efficiency, and officials that are democratically elected; cons include elected officials not being held accountable for their actions and citizens cannot participate in this type of democracy. The United Kingdom and the United States both have a representative democracy.

In a representative democracy, although citizens elect those who will represent them in government, after the election, they have little to no say so when it comes to the lawmaking and legislative process. In this type of government, it is difficult to hold elected officials accountable for their decisions. It is common for officials to break campaign promises and citizens often fail to stay informed on important issues.