One advantage of electronic voting is that it prevents ballots from being lost or misread. In addition, it is much quicker to tally votes via electronic voting as opposed to counting paper ballots. On the other hand, a disadvantage of electronic voting is that hackers could potentially invade the system and tamper with the votes, and this hacking activity could be undetectable.
Another potential con of electronic voting is that the software could malfunction, leading to inaccurate election results. However, electronic voting does make it easier for absentee voters to cast their ballots. In some cases with paper ballots, absentee votes have not been counted because the ballots did not arrive by the deadline.
One possible solution is to use a combination of electronic and paper systems. States that use electronic voting machines could consider offering votes a paper ballot as a backup method. States can also offer electronic voting methods to absentee voters while ensuring that each voter has a backup paper ballot. In the event that the United States establishes a completely electronic voting system, constant security and monitoring to protect the integrity of the system are necessary. In that situation, states should use private networks in order to transmit voting data.