What Are the Pros and Cons of the Electoral College?

There are different arguments for and against the continued use of the electoral college in elections. Those in favor of the electoral college maintain that it better represents the choices of the nation as a whole and eliminates the need to recount the votes of the entire country, lessening the chances for election fraud.

The electoral college was developed as a way to give each state, no matter the size of the population, an equal voice in elections and the Senate. This allows for states with smaller populations, such as Wyoming, to have just as much voice in elections as larger states like California and New York.

One argument against the electoral college is that candidates only campaign in larger cities and states since those votes in the electoral college mean more. Another con from opponents is that the electoral college was created as an agreement for states that had the three-fifths compromise. This legislation skewed the population numbers in states and gave slave-heavy states such as Virginia more say with its larger population, according to a Washington Post piece. More arguments against the continued use of an electoral college include the uneven value of votes in different states and that the electoral college vote overrides popular vote.