Q:

What are the pros and cons of the electoral college?

A:

Quick Answer

There are different arguments for and against the continued use of the electoral college in elections. Those in favor of the electoral college maintain that it better represents the choices of the nation as a whole and eliminates the need to recount the votes of the entire country, lessening the chances for election fraud.

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Full Answer

The electoral college was developed as a way to give each state, no matter the size of the population, an equal voice in elections and the Senate. This allows for states with smaller populations, such as Wyoming, to have just as much voice in elections as larger states like California and New York.

One argument against the electoral college is that candidates only campaign in larger cities and states since those votes in the electoral college mean more. Another con from opponents is that the electoral college was created as an agreement for states that had the three-fifths compromise. This legislation skewed the population numbers in states and gave slave-heavy states such as Virginia more say with its larger population, according to a Washington Post piece. More arguments against the continued use of an electoral college include the uneven value of votes in different states and that the electoral college vote overrides popular vote.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Should the electoral college be abolished?

    A:

    The electoral college has always had strong opponents who have argued that it should be abolished. Their reasons include the fact that, under certain circumstances, a president can be elected without winning the majority of electoral votes. They also point out that electors are free to vote however they wish and claim that the electoral college makes it impossible for third-party and independent candidates to be elected.

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  • Q:

    How does the Electoral College work?

    A:

    Generally, members of the Electoral College cast all of the votes for the presidential candidate that receives the most votes in their respective states. There are a few states, however, that permit electoral votes to be split.

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  • Q:

    How do the Electoral College votes work?

    A:

    The Electoral College is a process established for the purpose of electing U.S. presidents in which each state and the District of Columbia have a certain number of electoral votes, based on the number of U.S. Representatives and Senators from the state. Electors are chosen from each state and cast ballots on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December of an election year.

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  • Q:

    Why do the results of the Electoral College sometimes not align with the results of the popular vote?

    A:

    The popular vote is an indication of overall numerical support while the Electoral College is a reflection of specialized voting within a constructed subset of the United States democratic process, meaning it does not necessarily reflect the will of the majority. Each state is invested with a certain number of electoral votes, which are fixed and not related to the population of said state.

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