Democratic governments allow people to choose their leaders, which many view as morally necessary, but it does not ensure that qualified leaders are elected. Democracy also allows people to remove ineffective leaders.Continue Reading
Democratic theory holds that people will vote based on rational self-interest. By voting for a candidate who promises to support policies that help the largest segment of the electorate, the will of the citizens is upheld. Democratic governments are often seen as morally necessary because many believe that the population has a right to select their government.
However, Plato and other philosophers have argued that democratic governments are inferior to enlightened forms of monarchies, oligarchies and other forms of government. Modern philosophers sometimes argue that relatively inexperienced politicians are sometimes given a great deal of power, and this power leads to abuse and corruption.
Others point out that democracies can enshrine widely held but immoral beliefs. The institution of slavery, for example, lasted for almost 100 years after the introduction of democracy in the United States, and other forms of legal discrimination survived for more that 100 years after it was abolished. Philosophers often refer to the "tyranny of the majority" and argue that other forms of government would have the power to outlaw and eliminate human rights abuses.Learn more about Types of Government
Aristocracy can be seen in both a positive and negative light since it can be considered a pro to allow the most educated people in a nation to make the biggest decisions regarding that nation, yet it can be considered a con to allow a few people to make important decisions for an entire people. In today's democratic world, the term aristocracy is typically considered negative because it often means that a small, wealthy portion of the population is controlling the entire nation, leading to a disparity in individual rights.Full Answer >
An elite democracy refers to a system of government in which the leaders of large bureaucratic organizations, corporate, governmental or nonprofit, are able to exercise a significant degree of influence on society. Most of the elected leaders in an elite democracy owe their positions to the sponsorship of these bureaucratic leaders, or elites, and will legislate in a manner that favors them. According to the elite theory in sociology and political science, a small minority of corporate, financial or think-tank policy-discussion organizations wield power to a greater degree than the processes of the state's democratically-elected government.Full Answer >
A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.Full Answer >
The socialist part holds a number of beliefs with some being taxing the rich, promoting democracy, equal rights for all people regardless of race, gender, sexuality or religion, use of alternative energy and peaceful coexistence of all states. People who subscribe to socialist parties across the world believe that a country should direct its efforts at promoting fairness for all in all policy decisions and undertakings.Full Answer >