Pros of compulsory voting include a higher turnout, meaning more votes, which in turn gives a better overall impression of what the people want, whereas disadvantages include the fact that minorities may not have as strong of a voice, and money often needs to be spent in order to enforce compulsory voting laws. Australia is one of the best-known examples of a country that uses a compulsory voting system.Continue Reading
Additional benefits of a compulsory voting system include the fact that government policy becomes less able to be tailored to particular classes, most notably the wealthy. As the majority of the electorate have to be considered if a party wishes to secure their votes, policy formation has to keep the people's best interests and desires at heart.
Furthermore, voters become more engaged when a compulsory voting system is in place. This also means that political parties and candidates can focus on addressing their main issues, such as overall government direction, rather than campaigning for voter turnout.
Some additional disadvantages, however, include the increased likelihood of donkey votes. These votes are cast by members of the electorate that are not willing to engage in politics, but given the legal requirement to vote, will often vote randomly.Learn more about Elections
Typically, the number one issue voters have with electronic voting machines is they are theoretically vulnerable to hacking, because they transmit data via the Internet. On the other hand, a particularly useful advantage of using voting machines is how quickly votes can be counted, without the possibility of human counting error.Full Answer >
One advantage of electronic voting is that it prevents ballots from being lost or misread. In addition, it is much quicker to tally votes via electronic voting as opposed to counting paper ballots. On the other hand, a disadvantage of electronic voting is that hackers could potentially invade the system and tamper with the votes, and this hacking activity could be undetectable.Full Answer >
Low voter turnout is generally attributed to the belief by voters that their votes will matter very little and will have no affect on public policy; political disengagement is also a reason for low voter turnout. Voter turnout is also effected by election type, with lower turnout for primary elections, local elections and off-year elections for state legislators. National elections tend to achieve a higher voter turnout; for example, in the U.S. presidential election of 2008, voter turnout was 61 percent, according to Wikipedia.Full Answer >
The National Bonus Plan maintains the Electoral College voting system but adds 102 bonus electoral votes to the existing 538 votes. It awards all the bonus votes to the winner of the popular vote.Full Answer >