What Are the Pros and Cons of Absolute Monarchy?

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Absolute monarchy is an archaic form of rule that has many pros and cons. In an absolute monarchy, the king or queen has total power. The government, if one exists, has no real influence and merely advises the monarch and implements and enforces the monarch's decrees.

Unlike modern monarchies, such as that found in the United Kingdom, an absolute monarchy has no governing body to challenge the power or decisions of the monarch. One of the advantages of such a system is that, with a decisive monarch, decisions are reached and implemented quickly, as there is a distinct lack of debate and bureaucracy. On the other hand, because there is a single figure ruling the nation, an absolute monarch has nobody to curb his whims and wishes, a situation that has the potential to be very oppressive for the kingdom's subjects. Another distinct advantage of an absolute monarchy is that a single ruling figure becomes a rallying point with whom the people can relate. Additionally, a single ruling figure is a focus for patriotism and national strength and pride. Because absolute monarchies have a clearly defined line of succession by heredity, it allows for a seamless transition, and continuity for the populace.