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What is the process behind Nobel Peace Prize nominations?

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Quick Answer

For the Nobel Peace Prize nomination, a qualified nominator submits the candidate's name by February 1; the Nobel Committee reviews the candidates and decides which to nominate for October's Nobel Laureates, who are awarded Nobel Prizes in December. The Nobel Peace Price committee is Norwegian; the Nobel Prize for Peace is awarded yearly in Oslo, Norway.

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Full Answer

Professors, government or diplomatic professionals, leaders of institutes for peace research or international affairs, and previous Nobel Peace Prize Laureates may nominate Nobel Peace Prize candidates. Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee or the Nobel Peace Prize Committee's advisers may also nominate candidates. There is no formal nomination form for the Nobel Peace Prize; the committee accepts recommendations via email or postal delivery. Nominations should include the candidate's name, an explanation of why the nominator believes the person or organization is worthy of the prize, and the nominator's name and credentials.

Nominators who are members of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee may submit nominations after the February 1 deadline, up to the date of the committee's next meeting. At this meeting, the committee's permanent secretary presents the list and closes the nominations, after which the committee begins discussing the nominees. The committee then draws up the "short list" of 20 or 30 candidates, and the advisers gather investigative reports of the nominees.

After the advisers present their reports, the Committee begins its in-depth discussion of nominees. The committee then selects Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, usually at its last meeting of the year in October.

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