A procedural vote is a vote having to do with procedures such as setting an agenda, postponing an item or limiting a speaker's time. These votes are usually individual and include housekeeping issues.
Procedural voting is different from substantive voting which involves voting to pass treaties, amendments, resolutions and other documents. Substantive voting often occurs in a voting bloc. Motions also fall into the categories of procedural or substantive, with procedural motions having to do with the process of introducing documents and other items to a committee. Substantive motions have to do with formal proposals that introduce a course of action for consideration.