The two primary ways that pressure groups such as corporations and lobbyists influence the government are through money and votes. Both are extremely important to elected officials, who are challenged to find a balance between the promises they make to citizens when they are elected, the gifts they accept in getting elected and the promises they make to special interest groups.Continue Reading
In the United States, running for political office is very expensive. According to CNN, during the 2012 elections, it cost $1.6 million to win a seat in the House of Representatives and $10.4 million to win a seat in the Senate. Although many members of Congress are affluent, few have the necessary resources to fund a multimillion dollar campaign. Corporations and lobbyist groups are aware of this, so they court candidates and give monetary gifts to their campaigns in exchange for support from candidates in their special interests. Corporations and lobbyists also have the power to influence the voters by creating campaigns either for or against candidates and generating support from members.
The frequency of this practice in the United States in recent years has become very controversial. Critics believe that it grants too much influence to corporations and special interest groups. However, those who support the system claim that it provides a voice to those who cannot otherwise financially afford to influence government decisions through the demonstration of their support for special interest groups.Learn more about Elections
As of 2014, the number of electoral votes in the U.S. Electoral College is 538. Candidates elected president must win a majority, or at least 270 votes.Full Answer >
As of 2014, Illinois has 20 votes in the United States Electoral College. This is based on the census of 2010 and represents a decrease of 1 vote from the previous census. Illinois was confirmed to have 20 votes for the 2016 and 2020 elections based on this census.Full Answer >
The Electoral College is a process established for the purpose of electing U.S. presidents in which each state and the District of Columbia have a certain number of electoral votes, based on the number of U.S. Representatives and Senators from the state. Electors are chosen from each state and cast ballots on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December of an election year.Full Answer >
Election candidates often focus on getting votes from Ohio because it is a swing state. Ohio, along with Virginia, Florida and Texas, is called a swing state because its citizens do not historically vote Republican or Democrat in successive elections, as of 2015. Although Ohio's citizens do not vote along party lines, they have repeatedly submitted the majority of votes for winning candidates, which makes it a key state to secure votes.Full Answer >