The role of the president’s cabinet is split into two broad categories: advising the president on issues to do with policy and carrying out any agreed upon plans. U.S. Cabinet members are given the title of Secretary.Continue Reading
In the United States, the president is the head of state and ultimately responsible for the things that happen while he is in office, but it is impossible for him to manage every area of government personally. To facilitate management, each department of government is represented by a cabinet member. Each department is then in a better position to advise the president on issues that have to do with specific areas of governance. The president is thus able to make informed decisions about these departments without being directly involved in their day-to-day operations, and the cabinet members carry out plans accordingly.
As of 2014, the cabinet is comprised of 15 secretaries, the Attorney General and the Vice President. Departments change over time or are occasionally renamed. At present, the departments are Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs.
These positions are filled through presidential appointment after Senate confirmation. As head of the Executive Branch, the president is free to reassign or dismiss these appointees at will.Learn more about Branches of Government
The principal role of the United States Secretary of State is to act as the chief foreign affairs adviser of the president. The secretary carries out duties through the Foreign Service and the U.S. State Department.Full Answer >
The primary role of the vice president of the United States is to be prepared to take over the duties of the president, should the president be unable to perform his duties due to resignation, death or another incapacitation. The vice president is also president of the U.S. Senate.Full Answer >
The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by making sure that the judges cannot receive a reduction in their salary and cannot be removed from the bench by a president who might oppose the judge's views. This gives judges a security in their job that allows them to make decisions without worrying about political pressures.Full Answer >
The executive branch of the United States, headed by the president, has the primary duty of administering and implementing federal laws. In addition to the president, who acts as commander in chief, the Vice president also has a prominent role in directing the activities of the executive branch. This branch includes numerous federal agencies that enforce laws and regulations in different areas, including finances, the environment and security.Full Answer >