The presidential role in the country of Belize belongs to the Prime Minister, Dean O. Barrow. Mr. Barrow was sworn into office on February 8th, 2008 as a result of a landslide general election victory in Belize's sixth post-independence election
As a member of the United Democratic Party, Prime Minister Barrow has had a long and fruitful political career stemming back to 1984, when he was first elected as a representative in the Belize parliament. Since then he has also held various other government offices and appointments, most notably: Minister of Foreign Affairs and Economic Development, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and National Security, and Attorney General.
Historical governmental structure of Belize. In 1840, Belize became a "Colony of British Honduras" and in 1862, it became a crown colony. For one hundred years after that, Belize was a representative government of England but in January 1964, full self government with a ministerial system was granted. In 1973, the region's name was changed from British Honduras to Belize and on September 21, 1981, full independence was achieved.