The powers denied to Congress are enumerated in Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution of the United States. A key provision necessary for passing the original Constitution was a compromise between the free and slave states. In that section of the Constitution, Congress was prevented from interfering with the slave trade until at least 1808.Continue Reading
Other powers denied to Congress include suspending the writ of habeas corpus, except in the event of rebellion or invasion. This prevents a person from being held against his will without just cause and judicial oversight. Congress is also prevented from enacting any ex post facto laws or passing a bill of attainder.
Ex post facto laws are enacted retroactively and are designed to penalize someone for something that is not illegal at the time the act is committed. A bill of attainder is a law designed to have a negative impact on a single person or a group of people.
Congress is denied the power to tax goods that are shipped from one state to another. Congress cannot give a commercial advantage to one state over another. Originally, the Constitution precluded Congress from levying an income tax. A subsequent amendment to the Constitution granted this power to Congress.Learn more about Branches of Government
The Constitution of the United States assigns several powers to the president, including the power to veto or sign legislation, convene or adjourn Congress and command the armed forces. The U.S. President also nominates and assigns heads of governmental departments, issues pardons for federal offenses and issues executive orders without congressional approval.Full Answer >
The non-legislative powers of Congress include the abilities to amend the constitution, approve presidential appointments, investigate matters that interfere with or impede its legislative duties, impeach officials, and choose a president if no majority winner emerges as the result of an election. The Senate also must approve candidates for vice president because the vice president is also the president of the Senate.Full Answer >
A list of the expressed powers of Congress, that is, those powers expressly enumerated or granted by Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution, can be found in the Model Congress section of Princeton University's website. They include the powers to set and collect income taxes and other duties and excises, to borrow money on U.S. credit, to regulate foreign and domestic trade and to establish bankruptcy laws.Full Answer >
Congress has a variety of powers, but the three main powers are making laws, declaring war and amending the Constitution. These powers fall under both Houses of Congress.Full Answer >