Political ideology influences social policy due to the beliefs that individual policy makers hold. These ideologies vary along a scale of liberal to conservative. According to Justin Quinn of About.com, conservative social policy goals are influenced by traditional religious beliefs. According to Suffolk Community College’s Professor Norman West, liberal ideology focuses on equal opportunities.Continue Reading
In the United States, policy makers that hold a conservative political ideology write social policy that if often influenced by religious beliefs, restricts or eliminates abortion, reflects a traditional view of marriage. Conservative social policy also usually opposes restrictions on the use or ownership of firearms. Conservative social policy also calls for large amounts of defense funding. Policy makers that subscribe to a liberal point of view support social policy that increases access to abortion or keeps the status quo of current abortion laws, allows for non-traditional marriages and seeks to reduce religious intervention in public affairs. Social liberal policy makers also support programs that promote equal opportunity for all citizens, including affirmative action.
Moderate political ideology seeks a midpoint between the two political ideologies. Moderate social policy is often a compromise between conservative and liberal issues.Learn more about Elections
Voting engages people with their government, increasing the likelihood that people share their concerns with their representatives and that representatives take these concerns into account when creating policy. Voting has also been shown to lead to more socially healthy communities and lower rates of unemployment.Full Answer >
Low voter turnout is generally attributed to the belief by voters that their votes will matter very little and will have no affect on public policy; political disengagement is also a reason for low voter turnout. Voter turnout is also effected by election type, with lower turnout for primary elections, local elections and off-year elections for state legislators. National elections tend to achieve a higher voter turnout; for example, in the U.S. presidential election of 2008, voter turnout was 61 percent, according to Wikipedia.Full Answer >
The central issue of the 1866 congressional elections was President Johnson's reconstruction policy. The policy heavily favored the south and was extremely lax about the treatment of newly freed slaves. Republican members of Congress disagreed with the policy and refused to recognize it.Full Answer >
The term "social climate" is a sociological term that refers to the general feelings, attitudes, beliefs and opinions on a subject within society. Social climate is closely related to ideas such as the political climate, which refers to the general feelings of the public about modern political issues, and the Zeitgeist school of thought, which refers to the dominant intellectual beliefs of society during a particular time frame.Full Answer >