The Loyalists considered themselves as righteous in wanting to remain within the British Empire and in opposing the Patriots' war for independence, an act which they regarded as treasonous. The Loyalists were known as "Tories" while the Patriots were called "Whigs."
During the American Revolution, a group called the Loyalists supported the English Crown, with some extremists even taking up arms against the Whigs. The Loyalists feared that a bloody revolution would drastically change their lives and that independence meant a crippled economy. The Tories comprised the people from the agricultural sector, the craftsmen and the merchants who remained in business with the British. Some Loyalists were from the Anglican Church while others were slaves who were guaranteed freedom by the English colonizers.