Some explanations as to why people commit violent crimes include personal choices weighed against the possible repercussions of a crime, and the theory that crime emerges as a conflict between different economic classes. Criminology attempts to determine the reasons individuals commit crimes and the behavior that leads to violent crime.Continue Reading
Closely related explanations for crime are choice theory and classical theory. Both of these explanations state that individuals make rationalized choices when committing crimes, considering the advantages of committing the crime against the possible punishment. Both theories derive from the works of philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, who propose that citizens agree to follow government-dictated laws in return for comfort and protection. Individuals who commit violent crimes willingly go against laws in order for personal gain, giving up those benefits.
More modern theories propose that crime arises as a result of social and economic factors contained within society. Conflict theory states that crime is the result of inevitable clash between different economic classes, with different laws and standards of crime resulting as a method for the wealthy to control the poor. This theory accounts for discrepancies in sentencing between poor and rich criminals. For example, poor individuals who commit assault or murder are often punished far more harshly than wealthy factory owners who knowingly allow unsafe work conditions to contribute to employee injuries and deaths.Learn more about Crime
As of 2015, the crime rate in Port Charlotte, Florida is nearly 30 crimes per 1,000 residents. While this ranks as being safer than 24 percent of the cities in the United States, it is higher than 56 percent of all Florida cities and towns.Full Answer >
Inchoate crimes involve taking steps toward directly or indirectly participating in a crime, including solicitation, conspiracy or the attempt to commit a crime. Other types of inchoate crimes include being an accomplice or accessory to a crime.Full Answer >
As of 2015, the ZIP codes with the highest crime rates in the United States almost all have a rate of more than 70 violent crimes per 1,000 residents. People who live in these neighborhoods have between a one-in-seven and one-in-15 chance of being the victim of a crime.Full Answer >
The criminal justice system assigns federal felony offenses classes A through E and increases the recommended sentence with the increasing severity of the crime committed. Judges use the recommended sentences under each class and the offender's criminal history to sentence offenders. States use the same classification but varying sentence ranges, according to Attorneys.com.Full Answer >