The Patriot Act facilitates a number of processes that make it possible for law enforcement to investigate and prosecute terrorists. Many of the tools laid out in the Patriot Act had been employed against organized crime but were not available for use as instruments against terrorism, according to the Department of Justice.Continue Reading
The Department of Justice explains that the Patriot Act's contribution to the war on terror was not the creation of new mechanisms for bringing down offenders, but it was allowing law enforcement to use existing practices in new situations. For example, the Patriot Act allows the use of a roving wiretap for terror suspects. The roving wiretap--an authorization from a federal judge to freely tap all of a suspects' communications devices without the need of particular warrant for each device--had long been used against the mafia and drug traffickers. The Patriot Act makes it possible for law enforcement to obtain a roving wire tap order for suspected terrorists.
According to the Justice Department, the Patriot Act makes it possible for law enforcement officers to obtain warrants with limited delay notification. This procedure allows investigators to conduct an investigation without having to immediately notify terror suspects that they are being investigated. The measure is meant to preempt typical actions by criminals who know they are being investigated, such as destroying evidence or killing witnesses.
The U.S. Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network states that the Patriot Act lets investigators search bank and business records in order to detect terrorist funding and the purchase of destructive materials.Learn more about Law
The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, colloquially called the "USA PATRIOT" Act, gave the federal government powers to intercept communications, act quickly on terrorist threats and protect American borders. The law was signed Oct. 26, 2001, according to the U.S. Government Printing Office. The legislation served as the congressional response to the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.Full Answer >
The USA Patriot Act stipulates measures for financial institutions, jurisdictions and international transactions to prevent money laundering, and it requires special due diligence for private banking and correspondent accounts, according to the U.S. Department of the Treasury Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. It was established in 2001.Full Answer >
The Posse Comitatus Act is a federal statute that prohibits the use of the U.S. military in civilian law enforcement, according to Oxford Dictionaries. The notion is based on English law, which called upon citizens to assist the sheriff in pursuing criminals, according to The Free Dictionary.Full Answer >
Typical animal protection laws cover general prohibitions, penalties, seizure of animals, veterinary reporting and law enforcement policies, explains the Animal Legal Defense Fund. Specific laws pertain to the use of animals for fighting and sexual purposes.Full Answer >