Past U.S. senators from the state of Texas include Samuel Houston, Lyndon Johnson, Lloyd Bentsen, Kay Bailey Hutchison and Phil Gramm. Houston, one of the first two senators from the 28th state, took the oath of office in 1846.
A prominent name in state politics, Sam Houston was instrumental in bringing Texas into the nation. He worried about the growing trend of sectionalism in the country. He left the Senate in 1859, becoming the seventh governor of the state that same year.
First elected to the Senate in 1948, Democrat Lyndon Johnson became minority leader in 1953 and majority leader in 1954. John Kennedy selected him as his running mate in 1960, and he became vice president of the United States that fall. He became president after the death of Kennedy in 1963, and he won the presidential election in 1964.
Lloyd Bentsen served four terms as a democratic senator from Texas from 1971 to 1993. While in the Senate, he chaired the Senate Finance Committee. He became U.S. Treasury secretary under President Clinton.
The first female senator from Texas, Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison, served from 1993 to 2013. She served on the Appropriations Committee; the Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee: the Rules and Administration Committee and the Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs.
Republican Phil Gramm won election to the U.S. Senate in 1984. In the Senate, he served on the Budget Committee from 1989 to 2003. He was also chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs from 1999 to 2001.