Oxfam stands for Oxford Committee for Famine Relief. Its name comes from Oxford, the British city in which it was founded. The organization’s name was changed to Oxfam International in 1995.
The organization was founded in 1942 to combat hunger in Greece during World War II. A second chapter was established in Canada in 1963, and more chapters were added during the next 30 years. The group changed its name to reflect its international membership of non-governmental organizations. As of 2015, these organizations hail from 17 countries, and they partner with communities in more than 90 countries. The scope of Oxfam has moved beyond alleviating hunger to improving the overall outcome of impoverished communities.