Although the United States Postal Service operates like a private business, it is a branch of the federal government. A board of governors and the Postmaster General head the USPS with the assistance of the Postal Regulatory Commission. Final authority over the Postal Service rests with Congress.Continue Reading
According to the Cato Institute's Downsizing the Federal Government website, the USPS operates on revenues from the sales of its products, such as stamps, packaging materials and envelopes, as well as its services, including overnight delivery. Despite being owned by the federal government, the organization does not receive federal appropriations. After Wal-Mart, a private corporation, the USPS is the second-largest employer in the United States. The USPS is required by statute to offer mail service to all Americans regardless of where they live or what it costs to provide the service. Since the advent of email and other forms of electronic communication, the Postal Service has experienced steadily declining revenues.
On its official website, the USPS notes that it was transformed into an independent establishment of the federal government's executive branch in 1971. At that time the Postmaster General was no longer considered part of the president's Cabinet. Although the structure of the entity changed that year, its mission of serving all Americans with basic mail delivery remained the same.Learn more about Branches of Government
The United States Congress is composed of two houses with a combined total of 535 elected officials serving as representatives. The Senate consists of 100 senators, with two representing each state, while the House of Representatives has 435 seats, with the number of each state's representatives based on population.Full Answer >
Some of the most famous U.S. courthouses include King William County courthouse in Virginia, Old Salem County courthouse in New Jersey, Pima County courthouse in Arizona and Jefferson County courthouse in Alabama. The majority of original U.S. courthouse buildings are still used for judicial purposes, with others having been converted into municipal or government offices.Full Answer >
The official presiding officer of the U.S. Senate is the vice president, but a president pro tempore is elected to fulfill the duties when the vice president is not in attendance. The vice president normally does not preside unless he needs to cast the deciding vote on an issue.Full Answer >
The U.S. Senate proposes and considers new laws, approves or rejects presidential nominations, provides advice and consent on international treaties, and serves as the high court for impeachment trials. Although the U.S. House of Representatives also works on new legislation, only the Senate performs the other three duties.Full Answer >