In Tennessee v. Garner (1984), the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the lower court’s opinion that a Tennessee law allowing for the use of deadly force on an escaped felon or suspect violated the Fourth Amendment, according to Oyez. The escapee was not an imminent threat.Continue Reading
The court ruled that the police must exhibit probable cause of danger in order to shoot an escapee. Under the Fourth Amendment, the act of shooting an escapee was a seizure, explains Oyez.
Edward Eugene Garner was an unarmed teenager who allegedly stole items from a home and fled from the police. While attempting to escape over a fence, a police officer shot him per state law involving hot pursuit.Learn more about Law
The term "case disposition" is used within the legal system to describe the resolution or the outcome of any case. A disposition may occur at any time during a court proceeding, though it is subject to the law and also to the rules of civil or criminal procedure. The Administrative Office of the United States Courts provides a glossary of legal terms pertaining to case dispositions and civil and criminal procedures on the UScourts.gov website.Full Answer >
In the Miranda v. Arizona case in 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the police must give suspects specific warnings prior to custodial interrogations, notes Brooks Holland for the American Bar Association. The court ruled that the police must inform a suspect of his right to remain silent and his right to an attorney, and must tell him he will be provided with an attorney if he cannot afford one and what he says can be used against him.Full Answer >
The Supreme Court case Gibbons v. Odgen is widely accepted as the first true instance of the power struggle between federal and state governments. When Marshall Court ruled in favor of Gibbons, it was concluded that the federal government holds more power than state governments regarding the issue of interstate commerce.Full Answer >
The New Georgia Encyclopedia explains that Worcester v. Georgia was a U.S. Supreme Court case held in 1832 that established that the Cherokee Indians inhabiting territory in Georgia had sovereign powers. The name "Worcester" belonged to a white missionary, Samuel Worcester, who became a close political advisor and legal advocate to the Cherokee Nation.Full Answer >