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What was the outcome of Miranda vs Arizona?

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About.com explains that the primary outcome of Miranda vs. Arizona (1966) was the creation of "Miranda rights," which must be explained to an individual suspected of a crime before questioning by the authorities. These rights include the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney's presence, among others.

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The Miranda case, as it came to be known, revolved around the kidnapping and rape of a woman in 1963. The victim, known only by a pseudonym, accused Ernesto Miranda of the crime. After three hours alone with investigators, Miranda wrote a confession that was presented at his trial. According to About.com, Miranda was convicted and sentenced to 20-30 years in prison.

Miranda would eventually appeal on several legal grounds related to his confession. He claimed he didn't have a lawyer present during questioning and didn't know that his statement could be held against him. The Supreme Court, under Chief Justice Earl Warren, issued a 5-4 decision that Miranda's statement could not be used as evidence against him under these conditions, and that such statements must be made voluntarily and after a waiver of the right to remain silent. According to About.com, Miranda was later granted a new trial, convicted without the confession, and served eight years in prison.

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