Obtain an application for federal disability online through sites such as SocialSecurity.gov or DisabilitySecrets.com, or by visiting a local Social Security office and requesting a paper application. Many states also offer disability insurance through their unemployment programs, with applications available online and at local centers.
In order to apply for disability insurance benefits, the applicant must have a valid Social Security number and proof that her disability is so severe that it prevents her from seeking normal and consistent employment. In some cases, the applicant may need to provide medical proof from a doctor, while in other cases eligibility is determined by a judge or other legal body. Application requirements for state disability vary based on the state.