How Are North Carolina State Senators Chosen?


Quick Answer

North Carolina state senators are elected by the citizens to serve two-year terms. There are 50 senators representing senatorial districts, which are based on population. Senators must be at least 25, eligible to vote within the state and have resided in the North Carolina for at least two years.

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Full Answer

The North Carolina Senate is considered the upper governing body of the North Carolina General Assembly, while the House of Representatives is the lower body. North Carolina's Lieutenant Governor, who is elected by the citizens for a four-year term, presides over the Senate and only votes in the event of a tie. Senate members also elect a president pro tempore, who appoints other senators to serve on various committees.

The General Assembly meets in January of each odd-numbered year and reconvenes for a shorter session during even-numbered years. Each senator serves on various committees and each legislative bill that is introduced must be reviewed by at least one committee in both the Senate and House chambers. In addition to a president pro tempore, the senate also elects a principal clerk to keep records, a sergeant-at-arms to keep order, and a reading clerk who reads all or part of the state constitution as needed.

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