The non-legislative powers exercised solely by the Senate are mainly those put forth in the Constitution to ensure a system of checks and balances in the Federal government, including impeachment of the president, discipline of its own members, ratification of treaties and presidential appointments. Other powers, such as declaring war, are shared by both houses of Congress.Continue Reading
According to the Constitution, in the impeachment of a federal official, each branch of Congress has different functions. The House of Representatives serves as prosecutor and impeaches the official, and the Senate conducts the impeachment trial. Though the president appoints people to official posts, the Senate confirms the appointments. These include members of the cabinet, judges of the Supreme Court, other federal judges, ambassadors and heads of federal agencies. The Senate ratifies treaties negotiated by the executive branch by a two-thirds vote and also can amend treaties. In the event of malfeasance in the executive branch, the Senate has the power to conduct investigations.
In the discipline of its own membership, one recourse the Senate has is expulsion, which can be accomplished by a two-thirds vote, according to the Senate website. Another disciplinary action is censure, which is a formal statement of disapproval or condemnation. In censure, a senator is not required to leave office. These actions have rarely been taken. As of June 2014, only 15 senators have been expelled, and nine have been censured.Learn more about Branches of Government
The president of the United States has the power to nominate justices of the Supreme Court with the advice and consent of the Senate, in accordance with Article II, section 2 of the Constitution of the United States. Although the president has the power to nominate Supreme Court justices, he has no power to remove them; that power is reserved to Congress alone.Full Answer >
As outlined in the Constitution, the president of the United States and the U.S. Senate do not have shared powers. Under the Constitution, however, both the president and the Senate are allowed the means to check and balance each others' power.Full Answer >
The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.Full Answer >
The diplomatic powers of the president of the United States include the right to make treaties and executive agreements with other nations and the right of reception, which is the right to recognize or not recognize the legitimacy of governments in other countries. The president also has the ability to use military forces in foreign combat as commander-in-chief.Full Answer >