The U.S. citizenship test as of 2015 is an oral exam conducted in English, containing questions about American government, American history and civics, according to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Applicants must be familiar with things such as the various branches of government, historical wars, geography and cultural holidays.
Out of a list of 100 potential questions listed on the USCIS website, the applicant is required to answer up to 10 of them, explains About.com. Six of the questions must be answered correctly.
The questions on American government cover topics such as the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, as recorded by the USCIS. This section also includes questions on the three branches of government, including the role of the judicial branch, the U.S. Congress and the President. Other questions about American government involve how a bill becomes a law, the rights and responsibilities of American citizens, and the powers of state governments.
The questions on American history cover several time periods, notes About.com. The Colonial Period and American Independence questions ask about how America became an independent nation. Other questions address the 13 original states, famous historical American figures and important documents in establishing the government of the United States, Several questions address wars, including the Civil War, World War I and World War II. Questions related to more recent history cover civil rights, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
The questions on civics cover geography, symbols and holidays, as evidenced by questions recorded on the USCIS website. Specific topics include national borders, the Statue of Liberty, the National Anthem and the Fourth of July.