What Are Negative Aspects of Communism?

The negative aspects of communism most often cited include that it contradicts human nature, affords the government too much power, perpetuates state-sanctioned violence, and stifles necessary economic growth. Opponents of communism argue that the abolition of private property leads to a corrupt government and a struggling populace.

Jeffrey A. Engel of the Los Angeles Times argues that communism in Eastern Europe was destined to fail because the people rose up to demand better conditions. The end of the communist regime in East Germany was preceded by economic crises, rigged elections and waves of activism from citizens. He implies that when a government is given too much power, it must eventually control the people by force or allow for its own collapse.

In China, the events surrounding the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 are considered to have solidified the control of the communist government. Protesters were subdued with tanks, tear gas and machine guns. Some argue that this type of state-sanctioned violence against those who would dissent from governmental control may be the only way for a communist regime to succeed.

Communism also results in a stagnant economy from the lack of a competitive market. China's transformation to a more state-directed capitalist economy has allowed the country to rise out of poverty, though many experts argue that reducing the role of the government in business is the only way to ensure future growth and development.