To obtain SSI Disability Benefits, applicants must provide a birth certificate or other proof of birth, proof of U.S. citizenship, any military discharge documentation, tax return information for the prior year, and any documents relating to the applicant's medical condition. Proof of residency is not explicitly required.
To qualify for benefits, a person must have a disability which is expected to last at least 12 months or result in the death of the applicant.
Supplemental Security Insurance is a social insurance program designed to assist those who are unable to work due to medical disability. The Social Security Administration manages a Disability Insurance Trust Fund which is paid for by payroll taxes.