NCLB is an acronym for the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" education-reform bill. The bill was signed into law on Jan. 8, 2002, by George W. Bush during his first term as president of the United States.
The bill increased the role of the United States government in public education. The program's stated aims placed a focus on increased funding for poor school districts and better achievement levels for minority and poor students. The NCLB gave each state the responsibility of developing its own standardized tests. The results of these tests are then compared against a benchmark called the National Assessment of Educational Progress.