What Does the Navy Do?


Quick Answer

Along with transporting and deploying military personnel and equipment, the United States Navy responds to disaster relief needs around the world. Among their primary objectives are to win wars and deter aggression.

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Full Answer

As the world's most powerful naval power, the U.S. Navy also serves to facilitate the safe passage of both people and goods around the world.

The U.S. has a particular interest in maritime supremacy, since the world's oceans are fundamental to global commerce, with around 90 percent being conducted by sea. Around 80 percent of the world's population also lives within reach of coastal areas.

Unlike other branches of the U.S. armed forces, the Navy is a multidimensional force, conducting missions by air and land in addition to the sea. On perennial standby, the Navy is often the first to deploy and works in close collaboration with the other armed forces.

Under a Maritime Strategy arrangement, the U.S. Navy and Navy Reserve have particularly close ties with the U.S. Marine Corps and Marine Corps Reserve, whose responsibilities include rapid deployment and aggressive warfare, as well as the U.S. Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve, whose task is to maintain public and government interests on domestic waterways, including law enforcement, rescue operations and the prevention of smuggling.

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