Federal U.S. labor laws include the Fair Labor Standards Act, which mandates a minimum wage and overtime pay of 1 1/2 times the normal rate, says the Department of Labor. The act limits the hours children under 16 can work and restricts those under 18 from performing select dangerous jobs.
Other laws include the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which specifies health and safety standards and establishes an administration to protect workers from excess danger, according to the Department of Labor. The Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act creates union protections and mandates financial reporting as well as elections within labor associations. The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act ensures veterans are able to return to employment held prior to their service, while the Employee Polygraph Protection Act bans the use of lie detectors in most situations.