A motion to reconsider is a formal request by a board member to have the board review a previous decision, states the Michigan State University, based on parliamentary procedure outlined in Robert's Rules of Order. If the board votes to reconsider the motion, it resumes debate from the point it left off prior to taking the original vote.
In parliamentary procedure, a board can change a decision that was previously adopted, provided that the decision had not already been carried out, according to the Michigan State University. The board, for example, cannot revisit a decision that has already led to a purchase or the signing of a contract. Only a member who voted on the prevailing side can initiate a motion to reconsider. In cases in which voting was by ballot, the member making the motion must reveal how he voted.
A motion to reconsider usually is allowed only at the meeting in which the original decision was made, states the Michigan State University. A board member can move to reconsider even when other issues are pending. If the motion cannot be taken up at the moment, the secretary or clerk records it and calls it up at a later time during the meeting. A motion to reconsider requires a majority vote for adoption.