What Are Facts About Monarchies?

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Monarchy governments are centrally structured and characterized by a leadership comprised of those with royal blood. Constitutional monarchies, such as the government in Great Britain, are led by a king or queen who acts as the Head of State. However, in a monarchical government, the duties and responsibilities are separated between appointed and elected officials.

In some countries, monarchical heads of states act as symbolic governmental representatives, while in others, they play active roles in carrying out critical government functions. In the United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth is the first appointed British monarch figure to have celebrated a Diamond Wedding anniversary. She acts primarily as a figurehead in that government, maintaining political neutrality, while appointed officials carry out the administrative and political tasks of governmental operations. The Queen also holds the honor of being the tenth member of the Royal Family to be married at Westminster Abbey. The first formal royal marriage took place on November 11, 1100, when King Henry I married Princess Matilda of Scotland. The United Kingdom appears to have a solid governmental structure, but unlike many governments worldwide, it has no functional constitution to guide state actions and policies. Instead, its guidance comes from various acts of Parliament.