Miranda rights refers to a federal ruling that requires arresting officers to inform a person of Fifth Amendment rights of protection against self-incrimination prior to questioning, according to FindLaw. The officer must recite four specific rights to a person before questioning begins.
Cornell University Law School, Legal Information Institute, notes that the four rights of Miranda are: the right to remain silent, to consult with an attorney, to have the attorney present during questioning and to have an attorney appointed if indigent. If a person is questioned without being informed of Miranda rights or previously waiving the rights, statements made during questioning are typically not admissible during a trial. Miranda rights are also referred to as the Miranda warning, and it comes from a 1996 U.S. Supreme Court case, Miranda v. Arizona, according to Cornell University Law School.