Military surplus vehicles are excess equipment such as trucks, cranes, humvees and trailers no longer needed by the federal government. The Defense Logistics Agency's DLA Disposition Services transfers these vehicles to other military departments or federal agencies, donates them to local governments or sells them directly to the general public.
The State Agencies for Surplus Property program mandates the U.S. General Services Administration to work with the DLA and state agencies to donate appropriate surplus military and other government vehicles to local civilian police departments, public airports and eligible non-profit agencies serving impoverished, homeless and elderly populations. DLA also provides military surplus vehicles for disaster relief operations, overseas military sales and domestic humanitarian operations.
DLA contracts with Government Liquidation and Liquidity Services, Inc. and IronPlanet, both known as government liquidation marketplaces, to manage and resell military surplus vehicles and parts to the general public, according to the Army Times. These private companies maintain a presence on many U.S. military bases worldwide to monitor excess inventory and sell vehicles to private buyers directly or through online auctions.
The DLA reports that military vehicles are only sold to the general public if it is safe and appropriate to do so, and scraps any vehicles deemed to be too damaged, out of date or dangerous for civilian use.