The President of the United States, per Article II of the Constitution, acts as commander-in-chief of the armed forces during times of war. However, Congress must have officially declared a state of war before the president can assume direct command. The modern world has muddied the waters regarding what the president can do.Continue Reading
The president can deploy troops without Congress' approval but must notify Congress within 48 hours with a detailed summary of the reasons for sending troops and the expected time frame of involvement. Unless Congress issues an extension, military forces cannot remain in action longer than 60 days as per the War Powers Resolution of 1973.
Per Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, the president also has the authority to make use of the National Guard if internal uprising is occurring or if a similar state of emergency is in effect.
The president does not have the right to detain or designate enemy combatants without trial; the 2004 case Rasul v. Bush and the 2006 case Hamdan v. Rumsfeld held that the president could not try enemy combatants in a military tribunal. If accused, civilians or enemy combatants have the right to a fair trial in a U.S. court.Learn more about Branches of Government
The President of the United States has three main roles: to enact and enforce federal laws, to command the nation's armed forces and to oversee foreign policy. To help him achieve these goals, the president appoints heads of all federal agencies, including the Department of Defense and all federal judges.Full Answer >
The powers denied to Congress are enumerated in Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution of the United States. A key provision necessary for passing the original Constitution was a compromise between the free and slave states. In that section of the Constitution, Congress was prevented from interfering with the slave trade until at least 1808.Full Answer >
The U.S. presidential line of succession is the set order of officials who act as the President of the United States if the president dies, becomes incapacitated, resigns or is removed from office by impeachment. The Presidential Succession Act of 1947 was signed into law by Harry Truman in 1947.Full Answer >
The United States president’s judicial powers include nominating judges to the Supreme Court and granting pardons. The president can also shorten prison terms and grant amnesty.Full Answer >