Michigan has 14 congressional districts with a population of approximately 710,000 voters in each, as of 2015, states Ballotpedia. There are 38 state senate districts, as shown on the Michigan Senate's website. One of Michigan’s congressional voting districts is the first district, encompassing 32 counties, such as Antrim, Cheboygan and Marquette. Detroit is located in the 13th congressional district, along with Dearborn Heights, Garden City and Redford, as listed on Congressman John Conyers, Jr.’s website.
Michigan lost congressional districts after being the only state in the nation to lose population, as reported by the New York Times after the 2010 Census. Congressional and state districts in Michigan are drawn by the state legislature, explains Ballotpedia; in June 2011, Michigan’s state legislature approved the new congressional and state legislative district borders, and the governor signed both sets into law two months later.
Opponents to the new state legislative district boundaries filed a lawsuit stating that they violated provisions of the Voting Rights Act as well as the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution by condensing the African American and diluting the Latino communities. However, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan dismissed the case in April 2012.