According to About.com, one of the principal arguments against the Bill of Rights was that the government would be free to ignore rights not specifically mentioned in the document. The Ninth Amendment explicitly refutes that interpretation.Continue Reading
The text of the Ninth Amendment has historically been among the most difficult for the courts to interpret. By claiming that citizens have rights beyond those named in the Constitution, but declining to specify them, the Ninth Amendment left a very large area open for future court precedent to establish. About.com cites Griswold vs. Connecticut (1965) as one of the more high-profile exercises in Ninth Amendment jurisprudence, as this case established a "right to privacy" that was previously only implicit in the Bill of Rights.
According to About.com, other implicit rights found under the Ninth Amendment include the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to be tried by a jury of one's peers, the presumption of innocence, the right to travel unimpeded, the right to procreate and the right to marry unless the state can demonstrate a compelling interest against it. About.com also lists the principle of judicial review as being among the unenumerated provisos of the Ninth Amendment.Learn more about The Constitution
The Bill of Rights limits the government by enumerating the rights of the people and listing the things the government cannot do. For example, the Bill of Rights states that the government cannot pass a law limiting the freedom of speech or religion.Full Answer >
The Ninth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides a course of conduct to prohibit the federal government from infringing on rights of the U.S. citizen that are not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. Dissimilar to the eight preceding amendments, the Ninth Amendment does not outline or identify liberties and rights. It instead affirms protection for the unmentioned implicit rights of the people.Full Answer >
The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was sent to the states for ratification by the first U.S. Congress along with the nine other amendments that constitute what is known as the Bill of Rights. Ratified by the necessary three-fourths of the states on Dec. 15, 1791, the Second Amendment amended the Constitution to enshrine in law the individual right to keep and bear firearms.Full Answer >
ConstitutionFacts.com states that James Madison originally proposed the Bill of Rights because some of the founding fathers argued that the U.S. Constitution did not protect human rights. Key influences in this proposal include the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the English Declaration of Rights and works of the Age of Enlightenment.Full Answer >