As of 2014, there are nine United States Supreme Court judges. The number of justices that sit on the Supreme Court is set by Congress and ranges from five to 10.Continue Reading
As of 2014, there have been 112 judges in the U.S. Supreme Court's history. One hundred and eight of the justices have been men. So far, four women either have served or are currently serving. The court has been around since 1790 and was first held in New York City. The Supreme Court didn't have a permanent home until 1935.
Although the Supreme Court was established by the U.S. Constitution, no laws were drawn up to determine how many justices should preside over the court. In 1789, the Judiciary Act went into effect and stated that there would be six judges on the court, but that number was increased to seven in 1807. By 1863, the number of justices jumped to 10 but was bumped back down to nine in 1869, where it has remained ever since. In 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt tried to pass a law that would add a new justice to the court for every judge that was over the age of 70 but refused to retire. The law never came to pass.
Justices on the Supreme Court hold the office for life. They are appointed and can never be asked to leave office unless they are impeached.Learn more about Branches of Government
The United States Constitution does not specify any qualifications for Supreme Court justices, and no special requirements exist concerning age, education, profession, experience or citizenship. Justices do not need to have particular legal experience, nor do they need to be lawyers. However, as of 2014, all justices have had some sort of preparation in law.Full Answer >
Supreme Court justices are determined by the Executive and Legislative branches of government. They are nominated by the President, and they must be confirmed by a simple majority of the U.S. Senate.Full Answer >
The president of the United States nominates all federal judges, including Supreme Court justices, and the Senate confirms them. The Constitution does not stipulate the qualifications for these justices, only that they demonstrate "good behavior."Full Answer >
The United States Supreme Court is a towering presence in the American justice system, well-known for handling many of the most prestigious cases and landmark court decisions in the country. But while you’ll find the courtroom on the second floor, there is an entirely different kind of court on the fifth floor—a basketball court.Full Answer >