How Many Senators Are There?

How Many Senators Are There?

There are 100 senators in the U.S. Senate as of 2014. Two senators are elected from each of the 50 states to serve a six-year term. A senator must be at least 30 years old and have been a U.S. citizen for a minimum of nine years.

The Senate is considerably smaller than the House of Representatives. The vice-president of the United States presides over the Senate, voting only to break a tie. A president pro tempore acts in that capacity in the vice-president's absence. The Senate serves as the jury in trials of impeachment. A two-thirds vote for removal of a high official dismisses that official from office. The Senate also has the power to negotiate treaties and to confirm presidential appointments.