There are 435 members in the House of Representatives, as prescribed by law since 1913. Commonly referred to as The House, it is one of two legislative bodies that make up the United States Congress, the other being the Senate.
Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution describes the composition and powers of the House of Representatives. Each representative is elected to a two-year term and serves the constituents of a specific congressional district. The number of representatives elected in each state is proportional to its population. Therefore, states with higher populations have more representatives than less-populated ones. The primary purpose of the House is to introduce, draft and pass legislation, as well as to act as a check on the other two branches of the government, the executive and the judicial.