Today, the two houses of Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, are broadly similar, and they both craft and vote on legislation. The House must initiate budget-related bills, and the Senate has oversight for presidential nomination.Continue Reading
Both the House and the Senate must approve bills before they become law, and they are both composed of elected representatives. While senators were originally chosen by state legislatures, this changed in 1913 when the Seventeenth Amendment was enacted.
The House must initiate budget-related laws. However, it is not entirely clear which laws can only be initiated by the House, and those interpreting the Constitution have taken a favorable approach to letting the Senate start legislation. Laws dealing with the national budget, however, always start in the House. The Senate, on the other hand, has oversight on presidential nominations, including Supreme Court nominees.
The authors of the Constitution initially wanted the House of Representatives to be the "lower house" and the Senate to be the "upper house," which is similar to England's parliamentary system. While elected representation was valued, the authors were loathe to allow citizens to choose all lawmakers. The Senate, in their minds, would help prevent a populist frenzy from passing dangerous laws.Learn more about Branches of Government
Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two senators.Full Answer >
The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the bicameral legislature of the U.S. Congress. The House is comprised of 435 Congressmen and Congresswomen representing all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marina Islands.Full Answer >
Congress, including both the House of Representatives and the Senate, falls under the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Article I of the Constitution spells out the duties of both the House and the Senate, both individually and as a whole.Full Answer >
A significant difference between United States Senate rules and House of Representatives rules is that the procedures in the Senate favor deliberation rather than quick action, while the House allows a numerical majority to push through legislation in a relatively much shorter length of time. The Senate rules also provide no more than only a few formal tools that enable a numerical majority to propose an item for consideration. Negotiations between majority and minority party leadership must typically take place before the leader of the majority party clears an item for action on the Senate floor.Full Answer >